Now that there are so many liquid soaps to choose from, let’s talk about their types and uses. Glycerin is a component of oil and fat and may also be found in other foods.
Every bar of handmade soap contains glycerin, a byproduct of the soap-making process.
In order to increase the soap’s profit margin, the manufacturer may remove glycerin, a typical component of commercial soaps, and resell the soap as a cosmetic or moisturizer.
Produced by use of a specialized heating method in a factory setting. It was common practice to add alcohol to the concoction in order to make it see-through.
Sugar syrup (sugar dissolved in distilled water) can be used as a non-alcoholic alternative to alcoholic drinks. Some manufacturers on the market for transparent soaps choose to use a pre-made soap base in their processes.
Soap in the form of a bar
Producing these soaps requires more steps than making a regular bar of soap. The use of a heated process in production is the usual.
Liquid form is achieved by replacing sodium hydroxide with potassium hydroxide and adding extra water to the manufacturing process.
Soaps can be classified in part by the task they were designed to do.
Kitchen Soap Made From Dishwashing Liquid
Since cleaning dishes is its major use, “kitchen soap” is the term most usually used to describe this product.
To Laundry Soda
helpful in eliminating soil, oil, and chemical deposits from textiles. Lightweight and compact, making it easy to pack for excursions that include a laundry stop.
Soap Opera, with Laughter
A variety of soaps, from fish to cakes to mustaches. The novelty soap you buy at the store won’t only clean your bathroom. All of the youngsters who use them report having a great time.
Helping Bar Soap
Variety abounds in “mini” soap, which is typically smaller and cuter than regular soap bars. Designed to accommodate guests.
All-Natural, Restorative, and Refreshing Bar Soa
“Medicated soap” is soap formulated with antiseptics and disinfectants to curb the spread of disease.
Cosmetics for the Skin
Beauty soap is a need since it is fragrant and can be used on all skin types. In some cases, glycerin or a specific oil blend may be used.
Many different kinds of soaps are mentioned in this article; however, in recent years, a number of multitasking “fusion soaps” have appeared.
Types of Handmade Soap
The enormous diversity of soaps available today is the result of several different manufacturing techniques. However, there is always the same chemical process behind the final product. Saponification occurs when fatty acids react with an alkali.
Soap may be created from scratch using either a cold or hot process, and the base can be purchased or made by the soapmaker.
The Handcrafted Soap & Cosmetic Guild classifies a bar of soap as handcrafted if at least fifty percent of the process, from mixing ingredients to final packaging, is done by hand.
All soap starts as a liquid and is sometimes poured into a mold to harden, even if the final shape of a handcrafted bar of soap looks nothing like the mold in which it was formed.
The mold determines the final shape of the bars, whether they are made one at a time or in a large “loaf” or “bar” mold from which they are subsequently cut.
These are some kinds of soap:
Cryogenic Systemic Freezing
When starting from scratch, this is the method most soapmakers choose to use. Although some heat is generated during the soapmaking process, the phrase “cold process” is used since no further heat is added.
Since no artificial dyes are used in the production of cold process soaps, their natural hue can vary from a pure white to a light brown.
Small, very slippery, long-lasting bubbles (such those produced by pure olive oil soap) coexist alongside larger, fluffier, shorter-lived bubbles in the lather (as with pure coconut oil soap).
The oils, the amount of water, and the time the bar is allowed to dry all contribute to the bar’s hardness; over time, cold process soaps get increasingly harder as more water evaporates.
The lather, hardness, and additional benefits of cold process soaps are often achieved through the use of a custom combination of oils chosen by the soapmaker.
Soap Produced Via the Hot-Process Method
The oils used, the amount of water used, and the amount of time given for water evaporation all contribute to the hardness of a finished product made using the hot process technique; the chemical reaction is the same but occurs much faster than in the cold process, and the heat often gives a more “rustic look.”
The oils and other ingredients in the recipe determine the type and quality of the lather and other benefits of the soap, and like cold process soap, hot process soap is opaque, ranging in color from white to a creamy tan depending on the oils used (although transparent soaps are possible; see below).
Soap in the form of a bar
Liquid soaps, which are often made using the hot process method, are typically clear or almost so because of the oils employed in their preparation.
Lye (potassium hydroxide is used instead of sodium hydroxide) and more water are required to create liquid soap.
*Important: Commercial goods called “liquid soap” or “soft soap” are not truly soap, but rather synthetic detergents.
Some very skilled soapmakers can create clear soap from scratch, but the vast majority of soap is manufactured with a natural, pre-made base.
One and the same production method, the hot process, is used to make both varieties of soap.
A Glycerin-Based Bar Soap
Saponification (the chemical reaction of soapmaking) produces glycerin, which is often extracted during commercial soapmaking before being refined and marketed for use in a broad variety of applications, including food, cosmetics, industrial production, and even explosives.
Since the process of extracting glycerin from soap is complex and involves specific equipment and expertise, most people only refer to clear soap when they say “glycerin soap.”
Rubber Soap Molds & Bases for Casting Soap
Before putting the melted soap into molds, some soapmakers alter the foundation they started with by adding dyes, scents, and other ingredients.
Many of the most stunning homemade soap creations can’t be manufactured without a pre-made soap base, which has already through the chemical reaction required to produce soap.
Some commercially available soap bases are not “genuine soap,” despite the fact that they are labeled as “handcrafted.”
These soaps often contain synthetic detergent (produced by the chemical process described above).